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A wonderful account and description of the Mandalay Palace in the early part of the 20th century

Archeological Notes on Mandalay

written in 1917 by Taw Sein Ko

Superintendent, Archeological Survey, Burma.

Map of Mandalay Palace
Map of Mandalay Palace – Larger image below

Layout of Mandalay Palace in Early 20th Century

The layout of Mandalay Palace in Early 20th Century was quite different to the layout we see in present times. It was sacked by the British after exiling King Thibaw and his family to India in 1885 and it was totally destroyed by fire in 1945. The below account is a testimony to what once must have been the most beautiful palace in Myanmar.

The city of Mandalay, built-in 1857 by King Mindon, is in the form of a square, each side of which is approximately 220 yards long, approximately 201 metres. The battlement wall of brick and mud mortar has a total height of 27 feet (the crenelations, being 7 feet high), is 10 feet thick in the lower portion and 4 feet 4 inches in the crenelations, and is backed by an earthen rampart. There are twelve gates, three on each side at equal distances from each other, surmounted by pyatthats (multi-staged roof) or pavilions, and pyatthat at each corner of the wall, making 48 in all. The central gate on each side is larger than the others, and, in Burmese times, was reserved for the passage of Royalty.Read More


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Layout of Mandalay Palace in Early 20th Century
Konbaung Mandalay Palace Burma
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