Burmese Mandalay Wooden Buddha Statue
AGE: – Early 20th Century
CONSTRUCTION: – Teak wood
HEIGHT: – 92cm
WIDTH: – 21cm
DEPTH: – 20.5cm
WEIGHT: – 9.25 kg.
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Burmese Mandalay Wooden Buddha Statue standing on a double lotus pedestal wearing a red lacquered robe with a frilled lapel in the Mandalay style. The edges of the robe are decorated with thayo lacquer floral motifs. Coloured Inlaid glass mosaics decorate the edges of the robe and edges of the lotus petals on the pedestal.
A medallion of clear glass beads decorates the centre of the forehead with a row of clear glass beads on either side extending to the top of each ear with a row of coloured glass mosaics underneath, the eyes are inlaid with stone.
The right hand gesture is in Vitarka mudra with the right hand raised to heart level with the palms facing outwards with the tip of the forefinger and thumb touching each other, the remaining three fingers, slightly bent extend upwards.
Vitarka mudra is a symbolic hand gesture that represents reasoning, discussion, or teaching. The word vitarka comes from Sanskrit and means “deliberation” or “consideration”, while mudra means “seal” or “mark”. Vitarka mudra is also known as the gesture of debate or the discussion mudra. Vitarka mudra is often seen in statues or images of Buddha, especially those depicting his first sermon at Sarnath, where he shared his wisdom and teachings with his disciples. It is believed that this gesture transmits the energy and essence of his teachings to the viewers.
Vitarka mudra is similar to gyana mudra, which is the gesture of knowledge or wisdom. The difference is that in vitarka mudra, the index finger and thumb touch to form a circle, while the other fingers are extended upwards. The circle symbolizes the flow of information and energy, while the extended fingers signify openness and receptivity.