Buddha Statues Jambhupati Style – also referred to as a king Buddha or royal king Buddha are usually wearing a tight fitting coat and trousers and crown, as opposed to the more common image of the Buddha wearing loosely fitted robes with the head showing knobs representing hair curls. The Jambhupati style is more often seen seated in the crossed legged lotus position on a simple throne, or sometimes on a highly decorative or tiered throne.
The Mandalay and Shan style of Jambhupati Buddha statue became popular in the 18th century. The king Buddha or Mrauk-u style found in Arakan, in the Rakhine State developed much earlier through the influence of their Indian neighbors several hundred years ago.
The Mandalay and Shan Jambhupati Buddha style can vary from simple to very ornate, they are often embellished with glass mosaics and glass beads and decorated lavishly with thayo lacquer. The thayo lacquer is applied to the sculpture, varying in patterns, some resembling fish scales, others with floral scrolls, usually the body is gilded.
Some statues, especially the Mandalay Jambhupati statues are adorned with separate regalia such as large side flanges, crowns and body regalia made from zinc metal plate. A central medallion is often displayed on the centre back and front of the body or as a centre piece on the metal regalia.
The Jambhupati Buddha relates to the story from the Pali text about an arrogant King named Jambusara who wanted to annex the dominion of King Bimbisare of Rajagaha. King Bimbisare a friend of the Buddha called on him to help thwart this arrogant king from this plan.
The Buddha sent one of his followers to bring Jambusara to him in order to humble him, the Buddha appeared before Jambusara in Royal Regalia sitting on a jeweled throne under an umbrella. Jambusara humbled by the Buddha and the splendor in which he appeared to him was humbled, he acknowledged the Buddha and became one of his ardent followers.